Most recent updates to this page: October 2017.

Your questions are vital to this process. Below is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers. We have organized them by category. If you can’t find the question that’s on your mind, use the form on this page to contact us. We will continue to update this page as there is new information to share.

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Question or comment


What is the objective of the new model? How is this different from what we are currently doing? Why are we making the change?

Virginia Commonwealth University’s current budget model relies primarily on incremental changes to past year allocations. Major academic units and central support units generally see small changes to their base budget each year.

Our redesigned budget model will create a clear connection between the revenues a unit generates and its budget. It will ensure that central support units have the resources they need to deliver high-quality services, and will enable them to benchmark their efforts against standards they help to establish. The central costs of the university will be distributed across units using a set of metrics.

The redesigned model and budgeting process will enable VCU and its many units to engage in longer-range planning. The university will be better able to invest resources in strategic priorities, such as financial aid, faculty and staff development, and community-university collaborations.

What are the guiding principles that tie the new budget model to the university’s strategic plan?

At its heart, our redesigned budget model and process will reflect our mission and core values. It will be one tool we use to accomplish our goals. You can expect the new model will:

  • Enhance the quality of education and services provided to students by supporting academic planning with transparent resource decisions
  • Enable us to make strategic investments that tap the capacity of our diverse university community to serve our communities
  • Foster an entrepreneurial mindset among all of us that promotes innovations in teaching, growth in research and engagement with our communities
  • Emphasize innovation and collaboration as pathways to achievement
  • Enhance our commitment to accountability and integrity

What differences will I see?

Not much initially. The redesigned budget model and process will be implemented gradually. Currently, the universitywide task force and steering committee are making initial recommendations for the new model. In 2017-18, VCU continues to operate under the current budget model, and a preliminary version of the redesigned model is showing comparative information. This information is being shared with unit leaders, faculty and staff. This will enable everyone to see how much revenue generated by each unit along with their share of the university’s costs. Changes will be made to this preliminary model if we discover significant issues we didn’t expect. We also will develop a process for regularly reviewing and revising the model after this initial period. The following fiscal year, 2018-19, the redesigned budget model will be used. During this year, all units, both revenue generating and central support, will be kept in a “steady state.” Their budgets will be adjusted to maintain their funding at the previous year’s level.

Will the new model be an RCM (Responsibility/Revenue Center Model)?

Similar to most institutions that redesign their budget model, a primary goal is to provide more accurate and transparent information about revenues and expenses. Work to date by the universitywide task force includes some elements that appear in RCM-type models and other elements that do not. VCU will have a hybrid budget model that incorporates best practices customized to fit VCU’s priorities, needs and values. VCU will not adopt an approach that would require units to be self-sufficient.

What are the advantages and benefits of making this change?

The redesigned budget model will show the flow of funds throughout the university more clearly, as well as to and from units. It will ensure that units receive more funding when they generate more revenue, such as by teaching more students. It will allow units to have more control over their resources over time. And, the university will be able to invest resources strategically where they are needed most or could have the biggest impact on our mission.

What elements will be lost as a result of the changes?

The greatest change will be a reduction in uncertainty. Units will be able to predict how changes in their programs, enrollment and operations will impact their budgets in the years ahead.


How are central support units defined?

Central support units generally provide universitywide benefits and services that support the university’s mission, although they are not anticipated to produce sufficient revenue to substantially offset their expenses. This is unlike revenue units, including the schools and the college, that generate significant revenue flows relative to their expenses.

What are revenue units?

The 14 schools and college are “revenue units” because they generate significant tuition and fees relative to their expenses. These include: Allied Health Professions, Arts, Business, Dentistry, Education, Engineering, Humanities & Sciences, Life Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Social Work, L. Douglas Wilder and the University College.

What is subvention?

Subvention funds are used to enable all units to help achieve the univerity's strategic priorities. Subvention is an annual adjustment to a unit's expense budget that is intended to bring that unit to a strategically-determined net financial position. Senior university leadership is responsible for making subvention decisions in coordination with unit leaders. The University Priorities Fund is the source for subvention funding. 


When is this going to be implemented?

The University Budget Redesign initiative began in 2014 and will be carried out over several years. Full implementation of the final model will occur in 2019-20.

What is the timetable/time frame?

The University Budget Redesign is occurring in several phases. Please visit the Timeline page for more information about where we are now and how you can be involved.

Decision making

Who is involved in the decisions to create the new budget model?

President Rao charged the steering committee with guiding the redesign. Following work by a university-wide Task Force, the UBR Steering Commitee has approved a preliminary version of the model, which was reviewed and approved by the president, cabinet and University Budget and Strategic Planning Committee. You can find more information about these groups on the Who We Are page.


Does this impact our salary increase?

No. Salary increases will be handled under existing policies. The redesigned budget model and process will give deans and unit leaders better information about the funding available for all purposes, including compensation decisions.

Will there be a “hold harmless” time period?

Yes. In FY19, the redesigned budget model and process will be implemented. During this year, all unit budgets will be maintained in “steady state,” where adjustments will be made to bring revenue and central support unit budgets to FY18 levels. Full implementation of the redesigned model is planned for 2019-20.

Does this mean budget cuts?

No, there will be no budget cuts related to the implementation of the model. The initial implementation in FY18 is for informational purposes only. Units continue to be funded under the current budget system and at current levels. Unit leadership and business officers are being provided data showing how the current budget compares with the results that would come from the new model. The new model will be fully implemented the following year, FY19, as a “hold harmless” or “steady state.” Adjustments will be made to bring revenue and central support unit budgets to FY18 levels provided there are no significant changes in state appropriations. Should there be significant changes in state appropriations, university leadership will determine how to respond, as in the past. These decisions will be made independent of the implementation of the new budget model.

Will there be new funds available?

No. The university’s budget model, whether current or revised, does not change the total amount of funding available. It only helps to show and determine how revenues and costs are generated across units. The revised model aims to incentivize units to generate new revenue and control expenses. Under both conditions, a unit will see an increase in available funding.

Are you going to close my program?

No. Decisions regarding program start-up, change and closure remain with unit and university leadership. The budget process and model are tools that support strategic decision-making and planning.

How will the budget model impact university employment? How will it work with the new HR Redesign? What will be the impact of the new budget model on hiring, salaries and retention of faculty and staff?

Unit leaders (deans/directors/vice presidents) remain responsible for decisions regarding faculty and staff hiring and compensation. The redesigned budget model and process will give them better information about the funding available for all purposes, including personnel actions. The Great Place: HR Redesign will enhance the ability of supervisors and unit leaders to effectively manage personnel in their areas. Learn more at the Great Place: HR Redesign website.

What does this mean to my overhead/grant fund?

The Budget Redesign will not change the indirect cost rate charged for sponsored projects. Seventy percent of the indirect cost recovery funds (FACR) will be returned to the home unit for the grant or contract, with 30 percent retained by the university as required under state law. Unit leaders remain responsible for determining how FACR is used in their units, including any decision to distribute funds to the investigator.